A palette a surface on which a painter mixes colour pigments. It's essential part for any artist's equipment.
A palette may be made of wood, glass, plastic, ceramic tile or other inert material and can vary greatly in size and shape. The most commonly known type of painter's palette is made of thin wood board designed to be held in the artist's hand and rest on the artist's arm, the range of colors in a given work or item or body of work.
Acrylic Palettes .
The traditional artist's palette, used with oils and viscous or heavy-bodied acrylics, is a flattened orb with an easy-to-clean surface. Rectangular shapes are also popular.
Clear Acrylic Palette is made of 1/8" (3 mm) thick acrylic plastic. The edges are smoothly finished for a comfortable grip. It offers a glassy-smooth surface for mixing oils, alkyds, or acrylics.
Oil Palettes. Oil Palette is made of wood. The edges are smoothly finished for a comfortable grip. It offers a glassy-smooth surface for mixing oils, alkyds, or acrylics. (Note: Use alcohol to remove dried-on acrylic paint, and mineral spirits or thinner to remove oils).
Watercolours Palettes. The watercolor palette, also useful for acrylics and other waterbased media, is typically a rectangular or round dish with wells or indentations for mixing paint.
A palette knife is a blunt knife with an extremely flexible steel blade and no sharpened cutting edge. It is primarily used for mixing paint colors, paste, etc., or for marbling, decorative endpapers, etc. The "palette" in the name is a reference to an artist's palette which is used for mixing oil paints. Certain artistic techniques, such as those of Leonid Afremov, call for painting with a palette knife.
Art palette knives come primarily in two types:
Symmetric knife: resembling a putty knife with a rounded tip, suited for mixing paints on the palette.
Asymmetric knife with a pointed tip, lowered or "cranked" like a trowel, suited for painting on canvas.
Palette knives are also used in cooking, where their flexibility allows them to easily slide underneath pastries or other items